Latinamerica Collection
Basic Facts

• Capital City: Buenos Aires (Metro Area Population: 13.3 million)


• Location and Borders: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.


• Administrative Divisions: 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur, Tucuman; 1 autonomous city (distrito federal); Buenos Aires Capital Federal


• Area: Total: 2,766,890 sq km
Land: 2,736,690 sq km
Water: 30,200 sq km


• Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

• Population: 40,302,000

• Demographic Growth Rate: 0.94%

• Industries: food processing, textiles, printing, motor vehicles, metallurgy, consumer durables, chemicals and petrochemicals, steel

• Languages: Spanish (official); English, Italian, German, and French also exist in some areas

• Government System: republic

Regions of Argentina

Of Argentina's more than 278 million hectares of land, nearly 17.5 million hectares are established as protected, which is about 6.3% of the country's landmass. In total, Argentina is home to nearly 300 protected areas, which include eleven internationally significant wetlands and ten different biosphere reserves.


In the northern part of Argentina, the plant life is dominated by subtropical species, while the dry regions are characterized by savannah-like qualities near the Andes Mountain Range. In the wetlands regions, many aquatic plants exist while in the central region of the country there is a prairie-like ecosystem made up of tall grasses. This prairie region is very important for its rich dark soil, much like compost, which has made this area one of the most agriculturally fertile on the planet. The southern region of Argentina maintains shrubs and plants and hard, rocky soil which makes agriculture a difficult industry in the area. Coniferous trees grow in some areas in the far west while absolutely no vegetation exists in the high altitude spots in the Andes. All in all, throughout Argentina there are nearly 10,000 species of higher plants, a few dozen of which are endangered due to deforestation and development.


Many different species of animals live in the subtropical northern regions of Argentina. For example, jaguars and cougars, crocodiles, turtles, and many bird species all exist in this area. The central grasslands are populated with very different fauna such as armadillos, deer, foxes, hawks, and falcons. Another habitat exists in the western mountains where animals like the llama are found. Cougars and wild boars make their homes further south. The Patagonian coast is an area rich with animal life. Some of these animals include elephant seals, sea lions, and penguins. A major tourist attraction is the marine wildlife in Argentina's oceans, popular for the dolphins, orcas, and exotic fish. Some dangerous snakes also inhabit the country, such as the boa constrictor and viper.


Argentina is clearly home to a wide variety of habitats and animals including over 900 species of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish making the country a nature lover's paradise. Additionally, Argentina has some 362 different bird species making it a bird watcher's paradise as well. Argentina's rich wildlife along with its thousands of plants and trees make it a nation lush with biodiversity.