Rapa Nui National Park
Located on Easter Island, the Rapa Nui National Park is home to the famous stone figures erected throughout the island between the tenth and sixteenth centuries. The island, located thousands of miles away from the mainland is an impressive example of culture and tradition that developed with no external influence. Easter Island and the Rapa Nui National Park has captivated people for centuries and will continue to for many to come.
Churches of Chiloé
Built it in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries on the island of Chiloé, these Jesuit churches were built strictly from local materials including the archipelago’s native timber. Though the churches were built under the direction of the Spanish crown and the Jesuit Mission, they were constructed using native techniques representing the mestizo culture formed by the union of the two vastly different civilizations.
Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso
What was once one of the leading merchant ports along the South American Pacific coast during Spanish rule is now one of the most cherished cities in Chile. Complete with beautiful colonial architecture, a natural sloping amphitheater layout, and beautiful landscapes, the historic sector of Valparaíso is a popular tourist destination. Outside of the historic quarter, the city has grown into a bustling, modern center proudly deemed “Chile’s Cultural Capital”.
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works
Located in the dry Pampa desert of Chile are some 200 different historic saltpeter works which were both work and home to thousands starting in the late 1800s. Producers of the sodium nitrate fertilizers that transformed agriculture around the world, the sites included both the industrial factories as well as company towns with workers’ quarters and quaint amenities. However, the industry eventually fell apart, and the company towns became ghost towns until they were opened to tourism in the 1970s.
Sewell Mining Town
Built simply to house miners in the early 1900s, Sewell was once the location of the world’s largest underground copper mine and some 15,000 inhabitants. Because the city was built along steep mountain terrain, the layout was quite exceptional with a central staircase rising from the rail station to various contours with branches to the different squares and houses.