Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena
Shortly after the founding of Cartagena in 1533, the Spanish settlers began the construction of fortresses to protect the city from English, French, and Dutch pirates. However, the fortresses did not hoard off attacks, and the city was penetrated several times throughout history. To better resist the attacks, more and more fortresses were built until the city was finally protected enough to resist attack. Along with the ruins of these stunning fortresses, Cartagena is home to various beautiful monuments and a gorgeous port area fascinating visitors from all ends of the world.
Los Katíos National Park
Made up of hills, plains, and forests, Los Katíos National Park is located in northwestern Colombia. The park is home to lush biodiversity with many of the world’s endangered plants and animal species.
Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox
The colonial city of Santa Cruz de Mompox is significant for its historic architecture, a fusion of European and indigenous styles beautifully well-preserved today. The historic center includes various churches, convents, and public buildings many of which are still used today.
National Archeological Park of Tierradentro
This national park is made up of various underground tombs and burial sites whose walls are covered with painted patterns in black, white, and red. The area was inhabited during the first millennium, and the underground structures are said to have been created between the years 500CE and 800CE. Various human figurines are also on display though much of the pottery, fabrics, and other objects placed within the tombs were stolen before the site was protected.
San Agustín Archeological Park
Sill inhabited today, San Augustín is a small Colombian town surrounded by various archaeological sites where visitors will enjoy a large collection of religious monuments and sculptures. The figures depict animals and gods and demonstrate the rich culture of the Andean civilization of the first millennium.
Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary
This World Heritage Site is made up of the island of Malpelo and its surrounding marine habitat, the largest no-fishing zone in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. This spot is one of the most exceptional diving spots in the world with its immense natural beauty and marine biodiversity. This is an important environment for predatory marine life where groups of hundreds of sharks have been spotted together at once.