Though a relatively young city compared to those others, Guatemala was founded in the late 1700s after the former capital of Antigua was destroyed by two earthquakes during that time. Guatemala City is home to an impressive historic center where some very important buildings are located, such as the National Palace, the Metropolitan Cathedral, the National Congress, and the Presidential Palace.
Originally an area inhabited by the Mayans, Huehuetenango was founded in 1524 and is located along the ridges of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes. Because this city was once a Mayan civilization, many of its inhabitants are of Mayan descent. The city has a number of historic buildings and a famous cathedral.
Famous for its Spanish baroque architecture, this area has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is filled with important historic structures such as the San Pedro and La Merced churches with a gorgeous central park in the middle of town. Because of the nearby volcano, there is always an impressive view from town.
This town is famous for its 400 year old Church of Santo Tomás which was actually built atop a Pre-Columbian Mayan platform whose steps still remain as before. Each of these 18 stairs leading up to the church represent one month of the Mayan calendar. Additionally, the town is known for its local market where visitors can purchase anything from handicrafts to food to incense to clothing.
Though originally a Mayan area, the Spanish took over the town in the 1520s, changing its name and constructing the colonial buildings that still exist today. Many of these buildings surround the central park. Quetzaltenango is the second most populous city in Guatemala.
This very Jamaica-like town has its own language and culture separate from the rest of the city. Known for its incredible seafood and entertaining reggae, this Carribean town has become a very popular tourist destination for its many sports and recreational activities both on land and in the water.