• Capital City: Mexico City (Metro Area Population: 19.2 million)
• Location and Borders: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US
• Administrative Divisions: 31 states (estados, singular - estado); Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro de Arteaga, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz-Llave, Yucatan, Zacatecas; 1 federal district (distrito federal); Distrito Federal
• Area: Total: 1,972,550 sq km
Land: 1,923,040 sq km
Water: 49,510 sq km
• Climate: varies from tropical to desert
• Population: 108,701,000
• Demographic Growth Rate: 1.2%
• Industries: clothing, food and beverages, tobacco, iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum, mining, textiles, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
• Languages: Spanish, as well as various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
• Government System: federal republic
Regions of Mexico
Mexico's vast landmass gives the country various exciting regions, each providing visitors with countless entertaining attractions. One of the most popular regions in Mexico is the Baja Peninsula, the thin 1,300 kilometer long strip of land that is home to Tijuana, La Paz, Loreto, and the ever famous Los Cabos. This area is home to excellent swimming and many lavish resorts.
Central Mexico is home to a wide range of varying climates as it covers such a huge amount of land. Many of the famous pre-Columbian civilizations were located here and have today become important archaeological sites. Also, you will find Mexico City in this same region, one of the most cultural and bustling cities in the country. Mexico City is home to many lavish colonial buildings and an immense urban area. Despite its rich historical characteristics, it is also a very modern and cosmopolitan destination as well.
The Gulf Region and the southern area of Mexico were also home to ancient pre-Hispanic civilizations whose preserved ruins are still enjoyed by many thousands of years later. This region is home to both cool high rising mountains as well as warm lowland regions. The gulf and southern areas of Mexico are home to Veracruz, Tabasco, and Chiapas and offer visitors a mountain of exciting activities.
The northern region of the Mexico is home to Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, and various other destinations surely worth visiting. This region is spanned by two unique mountain ranges and has a very dry, arid climate. The famous Copper Canyon with its impressive waterfalls is located here as well as various cultural cities such as Monterrey.
The Pacific region of Mexico another extremely popular destination with its luxurious hotels and resorts scattered up and down the vast coastline. Visitors can enjoy a stay in the ever popular Mazatlan resort area, enjoy the breathtaking nature of Nayarit, or visit the colonial Oaxaca area with its centuries old buildings and rich culture.
Finally, visitors will fall in love with the Yucatan Peninsula, one of the continent's most visited areas with its many archaeological sanctuaries and gorgeous beach resorts. This region has for decades provided visitors with limitless opportunities for enjoyment and with good reason. Experience the rich natural beauty, the unparalleled culture, and incredible cuisine of the Yucatan Peninsula and you will never be ready to leave.
Of its nearly 200 million hectares of land, Mexico has 150 different protected regions made up of natural monuments, national parks, nature reserves, and protected marine areas. Mexico is also home to 6 internationally renowned wetlands and 12 biosphere reserves. Mexico's landmass houses over 26,000 of the world's higher plant species as well as some 440 unique bird species. In addition, there are nearly 500 different mammals found in Mexico as well as almost 2,000 different reptiles, amphibians, and fish demonstrating the country's unmatched biodiversity.