Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo
Originally built to protect Spanish trade routes in the area, Panama’s Caribbean fortifications display the intricate defense system of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Today, the ruins are a protected site and an exciting stopping point for locals and visitors. Panama’s antique fortifications include various large buildings and structures facing the water with centuries old cannons still sitting on their original perch.
Darien National Park
Home to many of Latin America’s characteristic habitats, Darien National Park includes sandy beaches, rocky coastline, tropical forests, mangroves, and swamps, all of which are home to a magnificent diversity of plant and animal life. Two indigenous tribes still live in this park today, which acts as the bridge between the North and South American continents.
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park
Though a small portion of the park is also located in Panama, La Amistad makes up the largest and most remote national reserve in Costa Rica. The park is home to many important ecosystems such as cloud forests and tropical rainforests, and is a great stop for nature lovers enchanted by rich biodiversity. Those that decide to venture into the forest will enjoy various species of jungle cats, monkeys, birds, and much more.
Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá
Panama Viejo is the oldest European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas and was founded in 1519. However, in the mid 1600s, the city was abandoned and replaced with what is today the historic district of Panama City. The city is adorned with many well-preserved historic buildings and the original street grid which is still used today.
Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection
Separated from the mainland for thousands of years, Coiba Island is now home to many endemic plant and animal species that have evolved independently from the flora and fauna of the mainland. The surrounding marine habitat is rich with animal life thanks to the warm currents that bring sharks, whales, coral, and much more. This marine habitat provides visitors with an incredible diving opportunity not normally available in the waters of the Pacific Ocean.